Introduction :

There Are Over 300 Distinct Breeds Of Goat. Goats Are One Of The Oldest Domesticated Species And Have Been Used For Their Milk, Meat, Hair And Skins Over Much Of The World.

Goats Are Considered Small Livestock Animals, Compared To Bigger Animals Such As Cattle, Camels And Horses But Larger Than Micro Live Stock Such As Poultry, Rabbits, Cavies And Bees. Each Recognized Breed Of Goats Has Specific Weight Ranges Which Vary From Over 300 lbs For Bucks Of Larger Breeds Such As The Boer To 45 To 60 lbs For Smaller Goat Does. Within Each Breed, Different Strains Or Bloodlines May Have Different Recognized Sizes. At The Bottom Of The Size Range Are Miniature Breeds Such As The African Pigmy Which Stand 16 To 23 Inches At The Shoulder As Adults. Goats Are Among The Earliest Animals Domesticated By Humans.

Human Touch :

Goat Meat Is Popularly Known As “ Mutton “ And It Can Be Prepared In A Variety Of Ways Including Stewing, Baking, Grilling, Barbecuing, Canning And Frying; It Can Be Minced, Curried Or Made Into Sausage. Due To Its Low Fat Content The Meat Can Toughen At High Temperatures If Cooked Without Additional Moisture. One Of The Most Popular Goats Grown For Meat Is The South African Boer Introduced Into The United States In The Early 1990s. The New Zealand Kiko Is Also Considered A Meat Breed As Is The Myotonic Or ” Fainting Goat ” A Breed Originating In Tennessee.

Goats Produce About 2% Of The World’s Total Annual Milk Supply. Goat Milk Is Commonly Processed Into Cheese, Butter, Ice Cream, Yogurt, Cajeta And Other Products.

Farmers Began To Herd Wild Goats For Easy Access To Milk And Meat, Primarily As Well As For Their Dung Which Was Used As Fuel And Their Bones, Hair And Sinew For Clothing, Building And Tools.